spread1 W2S2 [spred] v past tense and past participle spread
1¦(affect more people/places)¦
4¦(throughout an area)¦
5¦(soft substance)¦
6¦(arms/fingers etc)¦
7¦(over time)¦
10 spread your wings
12 spread seeds/manure/fertilizer
Phrasal verbs
 spread out
[: Old English; Origin: sprAdan]
if something spreads or is spread, it becomes larger or moves so that it affects more people or a larger area
spread through
Fire quickly spread through the building.
spread over
He watched the dark stain spread over the gray carpet.
The disease spread rapidly amongst the poor.
spread (from sth) to sth
The cancer had spread to her liver.
Revolution quickly spread from France to Italy.
the risk of AIDS being spread through contaminated blood
to become known about or used by more and more people
News of the explosion spread swiftly.
spread to/through/over etc
Buddhism spread to China from India.
The news spread like wildfire (=became known very quickly) .
Word spread quickly and soon a crowd had gathered.
b) [T]
to tell a lot of people about something
spread lies/rumours/gossip
Andy loves spreading rumours about his colleagues.
They are spreading the word about the benefits of immunization.
3.) ¦(OPEN/ARRANGE)¦ [i]also spread out [T]
to open something out or arrange a group of things so that they cover a flat surface
spread sth over/across/on sth
Papers and photos were spread across the floor.
He spread the map out on the desk.
a table spread with a white cloth
[i]also be spread
and spread out
to cover or exist across a large area
spread over
the forest that spread over the whole of that region
spread throughout
The company has more than 2500 shops spread throughout the UK.
5.) ¦(SOFT SUBSTANCE)¦ [I and T]
to put a soft substance over a surface or to be soft enough to be put over a surface
spread sth on/over sth
He spread plaster on the walls.
spread sth with sth
Spread the toast thinly with jam.
If you warm up the butter it'll spread more easily.
Spread the nut mixture evenly over the bottom.
if you spread your arms, fingers or legs, you move them far apart
He shrugged and spread his hands.
7.) ¦(OVER TIME)¦ [T]
also spread out
to do something over a period of time, rather than at one time
spread sth over sth
Could I spread the repayments over a longer period?
There will be 12 concerts spread throughout the summer.
8.) ¦(SHARE)¦ [T]
to share or divide something among several people or things
spread the load/burden
The bills are sent out on different dates to spread the workload on council staff.
They want the country's wealth to be more evenly spread .
9.) ¦(SMILE/LOOK)¦ [I always + adverb/preposition]
if an expression spreads over someone's face, it slowly appears on their face
spread over/across
A slow smile spread over her face.
10.) spread your wings
a) to start to have an independent life and experience new things
A year spent studying abroad should allow him to spread his wings a bit.
b) if a bird or insect spreads its wings, it stretches them wide
11.) a) be spread (too) thin/thinly
if money, effort etc is spread thin, it is being used for many things so there is not enough for each thing
They complained that resources were spread too thinly.
b) spread yourself too thin
to try to do too many things at the same time so that you do not do any of them effectively
12.) spread seeds/manure/fertilizer
to scatter seeds, ↑manure etc on the ground
spread your net wide atnet1 (8)
spread out phr v
1.) if a group of people spread out, they move apart from each other so that they cover a wider area
The search party spread out to search the surrounding fields.
2.) spread sth<=>out
to open something out or arrange a group of things on a flat surface
Sue spread out her notes on the kitchen table and began to write.
3.) also be spread out
to cover a large area
The city spread out below her looked so calm.
4.) spread sth<=>out
to do something over a period of time, rather than at one time
spread something<=>out over
The course is spread out over four days.
spread 2
spread2 n
2¦(soft food)¦
5 double-page spread/centre spread
6¦(large meal)¦
8¦(bed cover)¦
11 spread of land/water
1.) ¦(INCREASE)¦ [singular]
when something affects or is known about by more people or involves a larger area
→↑increase spread of
an attempt to stop the spread of nuclear weapons
the rapid spread of cholera in Latin America
2.) ¦(SOFT FOOD)¦ [U and C]
a) a soft substance made from vegetable oil that is used like butter
one slice of toast with a low-fat spread
b) a soft food which you spread on bread
cheese/chocolate etc spread
3.) ¦(RANGE)¦ [singular]
a range of people or things
wide/broad/good spread of sth
We have a good spread of ages in the department.
a broad spread of investments
4.) ¦(AREA)¦ [singular]
the total area in which something exists
the geographical spread of the company's hotels
5.) double-page spread/centre spread
a special article or advertisement in a newspaper or magazine, which covers two pages or covers the centre pages
There's a double-page spread in Sunday's paper.
6.) ¦(LARGE MEAL)¦ [singular] informal
a large meal for several guests on a special occasion
Chris's mum laid on a huge spread.
7.) ¦(HAND/WINGS)¦[U]
the area covered when the fingers of a hand, or a bird's wings, are fully stretched
8.) ¦(BED COVER)¦
9.) ¦(MONEY)¦ technical
the difference between the prices at which something is bought and sold, or the ↑interest rates for lending and borrowing money
spread between
the spread between the city banks' loan rates and deposit rates
10.)¦(SPORT)¦ [singular]
AmE the number of points between the scores of two opposing teams
a four-point spread
11.) spread of land/water
an area of land or water
12.) ¦(FARM)¦ AmE
a large farm or ↑ranch
middle-aged spread atmiddle-aged

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

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